Project: jabber.el
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jabber-avatar.el
;;; jabber-avatar.el --- generic functions for avatars

;; Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2008  Magnus Henoch

;; Author: Magnus Henoch <mange@freemail.hu>

;; This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; This file is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;; the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; There are several methods for transporting avatars in Jabber
;; (JEP-0008, JEP-0084, JEP-0153).  They all have in common that they
;; identify avatars by their SHA1 checksum, and (at least partially)
;; use Base64-encoded image data.  Thus this library of support
;; functions for interpreting and caching avatars.

;; A contact with an avatar has the image in the avatar property of
;; the JID symbol.  Use `jabber-avatar-set' to set it.

;;; Code:

(require 'mailcap)
(eval-when-compile (require 'cl))

;;;; Variables

(defgroup jabber-avatar nil
  "Avatar related settings"
  :group 'jabber)

(defcustom jabber-avatar-cache-directory
  (locate-user-emacs-file "jabber-avatar-cache" ".jabber-avatars")
  "Directory to use for cached avatars"
  :group 'jabber-avatar
  :type 'directory)

(defcustom jabber-avatar-verbose nil
  "Display messages about irregularities with other people's avatars."
  :group 'jabber-avatar
  :type 'boolean)

;;;; Avatar data handling

(defstruct avatar sha1-sum mime-type url base64-data height width bytes)

(defun jabber-avatar-from-url (url)
  "Construct an avatar structure from the given URL.
Retrieves the image to find info about it."
  (with-current-buffer (let ((coding-system-for-read 'binary))
			 (url-retrieve-synchronously url))
    (let* ((case-fold-search t)
	   (mime-type (ignore-errors
			(search-forward-regexp "^content-type:[ \t]*\\(.*\\)$")
			(match-string 1)))
	   (data (progn
		   (search-forward "\n\n")
		   (buffer-substring (point) (point-max)))))
      (prog1
	  (jabber-avatar-from-data data nil mime-type)
	(kill-buffer nil)))))

(defun jabber-avatar-from-file (filename)
  "Construct an avatar structure from FILENAME."
  (require 'mailcap)
  (let ((data (with-temp-buffer
		(insert-file-contents-literally filename)
		(buffer-string)))
	(mime-type (when (string-match "\\.[^.]+$" filename)
		     (mailcap-extension-to-mime (match-string 0 filename)))))
    (jabber-avatar-from-data data nil mime-type)))

(defun jabber-avatar-from-base64-string (base64-string &optional mime-type)
  "Construct an avatar stucture from BASE64-STRING.
If MIME-TYPE is not specified, try to find it from the image data."
  (jabber-avatar-from-data nil base64-string mime-type))

(defun jabber-avatar-from-data (raw-data base64-string &optional mime-type)
  "Construct an avatar structure from RAW-DATA and/or BASE64-STRING.
If either is not provided, it is computed.
If MIME-TYPE is not specified, try to find it from the image data."
  (let* ((data (or raw-data (base64-decode-string base64-string)))
	 (bytes (length data))
	 (sha1-sum (sha1 data))
	 (base64-data (or base64-string (base64-encode-string raw-data)))
	 (type (or mime-type
		   (cdr (assq (get :type (cdr (condition-case nil
						  (create-image data nil t)
						(error nil))))
			      '((png "image/png")
				(jpeg "image/jpeg")
				(gif "image/gif")))))))
    (jabber-avatar-compute-size
     (make-avatar :mime-type mime-type :sha1-sum sha1-sum :base64-data base64-data :bytes bytes))))

;; XXX: This function is based on an outdated version of JEP-0084.
;; (defun jabber-avatar-from-data-node (data-node)
;;   "Construct an avatar structure from the given <data/> node."
;;   (jabber-xml-let-attributes
;;    (content-type id bytes height width) data-node
;;    (let ((base64-data (car (jabber-xml-node-children data-node))))
;;      (make-avatar :mime-type content-type :sha1-sum id :bytes bytes
;; 		  :height height :width width :base64-data base64-data))))

(defun jabber-avatar-image (avatar)
  "Create an image from AVATAR.
Return nil if images of this type are not supported."
  (condition-case nil
      (create-image (with-temp-buffer
		      (set-buffer-multibyte nil)
		      (insert (avatar-base64-data avatar))
		      (base64-decode-region (point-min) (point-max))
		      (buffer-string))
		    nil
		    t)
      (error nil)))

(defun jabber-avatar-compute-size (avatar)
  "Compute and set the width and height fields of AVATAR.
Return AVATAR."
  ;; image-size only works when there is a window system.
  ;; But display-graphic-p doesn't exist on XEmacs...
  (let ((size (and (fboundp 'display-graphic-p)
		   (display-graphic-p)
		   (let ((image (jabber-avatar-image avatar)))
		     (and image
			  (image-size image t))))))
    (when size
      (setf (avatar-width avatar) (car size))
      (setf (avatar-height avatar) (cdr size)))
    avatar))

;;;; Avatar cache

(defun jabber-avatar-find-cached (sha1-sum)
  "Return file name of cached image for avatar identified by SHA1-SUM.
If there is no cached image, return nil."
  (let ((filename (expand-file-name sha1-sum jabber-avatar-cache-directory)))
    (if (file-exists-p filename)
        filename
      nil)))

(defun jabber-avatar-cache (avatar)
  "Cache the AVATAR."
  (let* ((id (avatar-sha1-sum avatar))
	 (base64-data (avatar-base64-data avatar))
	 (mime-type (avatar-mime-type avatar))
	 (filename (expand-file-name id jabber-avatar-cache-directory)))
    (unless (file-directory-p jabber-avatar-cache-directory)
      (make-directory jabber-avatar-cache-directory t))

    (if (file-exists-p filename)
	(when jabber-avatar-verbose
	  (message "Caching avatar, but %s already exists" filename))
      (with-temp-buffer
	(let ((require-final-newline nil)
	      (coding-system-for-write 'binary))
	  (if (fboundp 'set-buffer-multibyte)
	      (set-buffer-multibyte nil))
	  (insert base64-data)
	  (base64-decode-region (point-min) (point-max))
	  (write-region (point-min) (point-max) filename nil 'silent))))))

;;;; Set avatar for contact

(defun jabber-avatar-set (jid avatar)
  "Set the avatar of JID to be AVATAR.
JID is a string containing a bare JID.
AVATAR may be one of:
* An avatar structure.
* The SHA1 sum of a cached avatar.
* nil, meaning no avatar."
  ;; We want to optimize for the case of same avatar.
  ;; Loading an image is expensive, so do it lazily.
  (let ((jid-symbol (jabber-jid-symbol jid))
	image hash)
    (cond
     ((avatar-p avatar)
      (setq hash (avatar-sha1-sum avatar))
      (setq image (lambda () (jabber-avatar-image avatar))))
     ((stringp avatar)
      (setq hash avatar)
      (setq image (lambda ()
		    (condition-case nil
			(create-image (jabber-avatar-find-cached avatar))
		      (error nil)))))
     (t
      (setq hash nil)
      (setq image #'ignore)))

    (unless (string= hash (get jid-symbol 'avatar-hash))
      (put jid-symbol 'avatar (funcall image))
      (put jid-symbol 'avatar-hash hash)
      (jabber-presence-update-roster jid-symbol))))

(provide 'jabber-avatar)
;; arch-tag: 2405c3f8-8eaa-11da-826c-000a95c2fcd0